Shortform has the world's best summaries of books you should be reading. Like this article? Sign up for a free trial here. What are the four gospels? Does the information in the four gospels support the idea that Jesus really existed? Some scholars believe the gospels can provide helpful evidence that Jesus was real, and was truly the son of God.
Dating the Bible
Evidence for an Early Dating of the Four Gospels | Evidence Unseen
Most Christians only know of the four canonical gospels: those ascribed to Matthew , to Mark , to Luke , and to John. Of these 4, the first 3 are known as the synoptic gospels — they say basically the same thing with different territorial twists thrown in — while John and the myriad Apocryphal gospels can read quite differently. Many Christians regard the four canonical gospels as a particularly important grouping among the books of New Testament section of the Christian Bible. Latin-speakers transmogrified the Greek word euangelion into the Latinised evangelion , from which we get the words " evangelical " and " evangelism "; the alleged authors of the canonical gospels have therefore become known in Christian folklore and in Christian theology as "the four evangelists ". There is no agreement on what is the earliest canonical gospel or how they came into being though there are four main schools of thought. All of the canonical gospels were originally written in Greek, even though Jesus spoke Aramaic. Moreover, other than what are claimed to be paraphrasing, no meaningful quoting of our canonical gospels occurred until Irenaeus' Against Heresies c.
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Evidence for an Early Dating of the Four Gospels
Gospel and Gospels. It is very likely derived from the Anglo-Saxon god good and spell to tell , and is generally treated as the exact equivalent of the Greek euaggelion eu well, aggello , I bear a message , and the Latin Evangelium, which has passed into French, German, Italian, and other modern languages. Its other important meanings will be set forth in the body of the present general article on the Gospels.
The oldest extant complete text survives in a Greek translation called the Septuagint , dating to the 4th century CE Codex Sinaiticus. The oldest extant manuscripts of the vocalized Masoretic Text the basis of modern editions , date to the 9th century CE. Internal evidence in the texts suggests dating the individual books of the book New Testament canon in the 1st century CE.