Gay marriage, also known as same-sex marriage, is the marriage of people of the same sex or gender. In , a same-sex couple in Minnesota applied for a marriage license and was denied. The case was brought to the Minnesota Supreme Court and brought the question of civil marriage rights for same-sex couples to the public attention. Unfortunately, many of these early cases were unsuccessful.
Neighboring Pa., NJ Spotlight Gay Marriage Efforts
Neighboring Pennsylvania, New Jersey spotlight gay marriage
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U. Department of Public Health that it was unconstitutional under the Massachusetts Constitution to allow only opposite-sex couples to marry. Massachusetts became the sixth jurisdiction in the world after the Netherlands , Belgium , Ontario , British Columbia , and Quebec to legalize same-sex marriage. It was the first U.
Neighboring Pennsylvania, New Jersey spotlight gay marriage efforts
In the United States, the availability of legally recognized same-sex marriage expanded from one state in to all fifty states in through various state and federal court rulings, state legislation, and direct popular votes. The fifty states each have separate marriage laws , which must adhere to rulings by the Supreme Court of the United States that recognize marriage as a fundamental right that is guaranteed by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , as first established in the landmark civil rights case of Loving v. Civil rights campaigning in support of marriage without distinction as to sex or sexual orientation began in the s. Nelson saw the Supreme Court of the United States decline to become involved.
The U. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit upheld gay marriage bans in Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, setting the stage for what could be a Supreme Court showdown that could make the practice legal in all 50 states. The decision was the first legal setback for gay marriage advocates in federal court and creates a split among the nation's circuit courts. In these sorts of disagreements, the Supreme Court usually steps in with a definitive ruling.